Van Vihar National Park - A Rich Birding Spot

van vihar national park

Van Vihar National Park is located on a hill adjacent to the Upper Lake. Wildlife watchers can view a variety of herbivorous and carnivorous species, in these natural surroundings. This 445 hectares park has tigers, crocodiles, bear, leopards and a wide variety of birds.

A separate area has been allocated in the park as bird's habitat that includes ponds, bushes and grasslands that attract birds. Many migratory birds arrive here during winters. Birding area of van vihar includes almost the entire area alongside the main road but prominently the bird sanctuary.

Van vihars richness in avifauna lies in the fact that in a single day about 40-50 bird species can be spotted. Right from the gate you can start seeing wagtails, hoopoes, prinias and as you enter warblers, coucals and bulbuls welcome you. As we move further, water birds start appearing as you see herons, cormorants and waterhens.

Pied kingfisher hovering above the water and Indian rollers with their fantastic courtship displays provide moments that are always cherished by the birders. A good binocular enables you to see birds on the other side of the lake or flying above. Terns can be seen covering a large area over the lake.

Click here to view Map of Van vihar

Checklist of Avian Fauna of Van vihar

Common NameScientific NameMigratory Status
1 Greater coucal Centropus sinensis Resident Greater coucal Pictures
2 Greater painted snipe Rostratula benghalensis Local Migratory
3 Greenish leaf warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides Migratory
4 Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus Resident
5 Grey headed flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis Local Migratory Grey headed flycatcher Pictures
6 Grey heron Ardea cinerea linnaeus Resident Grey heron Pictures
7 Grey hornbill Ocyceros birostris Resident Grey hornbill Pictures
8 Grey wagtail Motacilla cinerea tunstall Migratory
9 Hoopoe Upupa epops Resident Hoopoe Pictures
10 House crow Corvus splendens Resident House crow Pictures
11 House sparrow Passer domesticus Resident House sparrow Pictures
12 House swift Apus affinis Resident
13 Indian bush lark Mirafra erythropetra blyth Resident
14 Indian cormorant Phalacrocorax fusicollis stephens Migratory
15 Indian Courser Corsorius coromandelicus Resident
16 Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus Local Migratory
17 Indian Jungle Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus Resident Indian Jungle Nightjar Pictures
18 Indian robin Saxicoloides fulicata Resident Indian robin Pictures
19 Indian roller Coracias benghalensis Resident Indian roller Pictures
20 Indian treepie Dendrocitta Vagabunda Resident Indian treepie Pictures
21 Iora Aegithina tiphia Resident
22 Jungle babbler Turdoides striatus Resident
23 Jungle crow Corvus macrorhyncos wagler Resident
24 Jungle prinia Prinia sylvatica jerdon Resident
25 Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus Migratory
26 Large cormorant Phalacorax carbo Migratory Large cormorant Pictures
27 Large Cuckoo Shrike Coracina macei Resident
28 Large egret Cosmerodius albus Resident Large egret Pictures
29 Large grey babbler Turdoides malcolmi Resident
30 Laughing dove Streptopelia Senegalensis Resident
31 Lesser whistling teal Dendrocygna javanica Local Migratory Lesser whistling teal Pictures
32 Lesser white throat Sylvia curruca Migratory Lesser white throat Pictures
33 Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax Niger Local Migratory Little Cormorant Pictures
34 Little egret Egretta garzeta Resident Little egret Pictures
35 Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis Migratory Little Grebe Pictures
36 little green heron Butorides Striatus Local Migratory
37 Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Migratory Little Ringed Plover Pictures
38 Long tailed shrike Lanius schach linnaeus Resident
39 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Migratory
40 Marsh harrier Circus Aeruginosus Migratory Marsh harrier Pictures
41 Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis Migratory
42 Median egret Mesophoyx intermedia Resident Median egret Pictures
43 Mottled wood owl Strix ocellata Resident
44 Night heron Nyticorax nyticorax Resident Night heron Pictures
45 Northern pintail Anas acuta linnaeus Migratory Northern pintail Pictures
46 Open Bill Stork Anastomus Oscitans Local Migratory
47 Oriental magpie robin Copsychus saularis Resident Oriental magpie robin Pictures
48 Oriental tree pipit Anthus hodgosoni richmond Migratory
49 Oriental white eye Zosterops palpebrosus Resident Oriental white eye Pictures
50 Osprey Pandion haliaetus Migratory
51 Paddyfield pipit Anthus rufulus vieillot Resident
52 Paddyfield Warbler Acrecephalus agricola Migratory
53 Painted stork Mycteria leucocephala Local Migratory Painted stork Pictures
54 Pariah kite Milvus migrans Resident Pariah kite Pictures
55 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Local Migratory
56 Phesant tailed jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Resident
57 Pied bushchat Saxicola caprata Local Migratory
58 Pied crested cuckoo Clamator jacobinus Migratory
59 Pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis Resident Pied kingfisher Pictures
60 Plain Prinia Prinia inornata Resident
61 Pond heron Ardeola grayii Resident Pond heron Pictures
62 Purple heron Aredea purpurea linnaeus Local Migratory Purple heron Pictures
63 Purple moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio Resident
64 Purple sunbird Nectarinia asiatica Resident Purple sunbird Pictures
65 Red breasted flycatcher Ficedula parva Migratory Red breasted flycatcher Pictures
66 Red collared dove Streptopelia tranquebarica Resident
67 Red crested pochard Rhodonesa rufina Migratory
68 Red munia Amandava amandava Local Migratory
69 Red vented bulbul Pycnonotus cafer Resident Red vented bulbul Pictures
70 Red wattled lapwing Vanellus indicus Resident Red wattled lapwing Pictures
71 River tern Sterna aurantia Resident River tern Pictures
72 Rose ringed parakeet Psittacula krameri Resident Rose ringed parakeet Pictures
73 Roufous Tailed Finch Lark Ammomanes phoenicurus Resident Roufous Tailed Finch Lark Pictures
74 Sarus crane Grus antigone Local Migratory Sarus crane Pictures
75 Shikra Accipiter badius Resident Shikra Pictures
76 Shoveller Anas clypeata Migratory
77 Silver billed munia Lonchura malabarica Resident Silver billed munia Pictures
78 Small blue kingfisher Alcedo atthis Resident Small blue kingfisher Pictures
79 Small green bee-eater Merops orientalis Resident Small green bee-eater Pictures
80 Small minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus Resident
81 Spot billed duck Anas poecilorhyncha Local Migratory Spot billed duck Pictures
82 Spotted dove Streptopelia chinensis Resident Spotted dove Pictures
83 Spotted Munia Lonchura puctulata Local Migratory
84 Spotted owlet Athene brama Resident Spotted owlet Pictures
85 Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Migratory
86 Stork billed kingfisher Halcyon capensis Resident
87 Streak throated swallow Hirundo fluvicola blyth Local Migratory
88 Temmincks Stint Claridris temminckii Migratory
89 Thick billed flowerpecker Dicaeum agile Resident
90 Tickells blue flycatcher Cyorns tickelliae Local Migratory Tickells blue flycatcher Pictures
91 Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina Migratory
92 Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus Migratory
93 White Bellied Minivet Pericrocotus erythropygius Resident
94 White breasted kingfisher Halcyon smrnensisy Resident White breasted kingfisher Pictures
95 White breasted waterhen Amourornis phoenicurus Resident White breasted waterhen Pictures
96 White browed fantail flycather Rhipidura aureola lesson Resident
97 White browed wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis gmelin Resident White browed wagtail Pictures
98 White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus Migratory
99 White Necked Stork Ciconia episcopus Local Migratory
100 White Rumped Munia Lochura striata Local Migratory
101 White Stork Ciconia Ciconia Migratory
102 White wagtail Motacilla alba linnaeus Migratory White wagtail Pictures
103 Wigeon Anas penelope Migratory
104 Wire tailed swallow Hirundo smithii leach Resident Wire tailed swallow Pictures
105 Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola Migratory
106 Yellow Eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense Resident Yellow Eyed Babbler Pictures
107 Yellow fronted pied woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis Resident
108 Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba Local Migratory
109 Ashy crowned sparrow lark Eremopterix risea Resident Ashy crowned sparrow lark Pictures
110 Ashy prinia Prinia socialis Resident Ashy prinia Pictures
111 Asian koel Eudynamys scolopacea Resident Asian koel Pictures
112 Asian paradise flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi Resident Asian paradise flycatcher Pictures
113 Asian pied myna Sturnus contra linnaeus Resident Asian pied myna Pictures
114 Bar headed goose Anser indicus Migratory
115 Barn owl Tyto alba Resident
116 Bay backed shrike Lanius vittatus Resident Bay backed shrike Pictures
117 Baya weaver Ploceus philippinus Local Migratory Baya weaver Pictures
118 Black Bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda Migratory
119 Black drongo Dicrurus macrocercus vieillot Resident Black drongo Pictures
120 Black Headed Cuckoo Shrike Coracena melanopetra Resident
121 Black Ibis Pseudibis Papillosa Resident
122 Black redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Migratory Black redstart Pictures
123 Black shouldered kite Elanus caeruleus Resident Black shouldered kite Pictures
124 Black tailed godwit Limosa limosa Migratory
125 Black winged stilt Himantopus himantopus Resident Black winged stilt Pictures
126 Blue cheeked beeeater Merops persicus pallas Migratory
127 Blue rock pigeon Columba livia Gmelin Resident Blue rock pigeon Pictures
128 Blue rock thrush Monticola solitarius Migratory
129 Blue Tailed Beeater Merops philippinus Local Migratory
130 Bluethroat Luscinia svecica Migratory
131 Blyths reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum blyth Migratory
132 Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus Migratory
133 Booted warbler Hippolais caligata Migratory
134 Brahminy shelduck Tadorna ferruginea Migratory Brahminy shelduck Pictures
135 Brahminy starling Sturnus pagodarum Resident Brahminy starling Pictures
136 Brainfever Hierococcyx varius vahl Resident Brainfever Pictures
137 Bristled grass bird Chaetornis striatus Local Migratory
138 Bronze winged jacana Metopidious indicus Resident Bronze winged jacana Pictures
139 Brown capped pigmy woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus Resident
140 Brown Headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus Migratory Brown Headed Gull Pictures
141 Brown rock chat Cercomela fusca Resident Brown rock chat Pictures
142 Cattle egret Bubulcus ibis Resident Cattle egret Pictures
143 Chestnut Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus Local Migratory
144 Chestnut Headed Beeater Merops leschenaulti Local Migratory
145 Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola pallas Migratory Citrine wagtail Pictures
146 Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus Migratory
147 Comb duck Sarkidiornis melanotos Local Migratory
148 Common babbler Turdoides caudatus Resident
149 Common Buttonquail Turnix suscitator Resident
150 Common Coot Fulica atra linnaeus Migratory Common Coot Pictures
151 Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Migratory
152 Common Grey Quail Coturnix coturnix Resident
153 Common Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus Resident
154 Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Resident
155 Common moorhen Gallinula chloropus Resident Common moorhen Pictures
156 Common myna Acridotheres tristis Resident Common myna Pictures
157 Common Peafowl Pavo cristatus Resident
158 Common pochard Aythya ferina Migratory
159 Common Redshank Tringa totanus Migratory
160 Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Migratory Common Sandpiper Pictures
161 Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago Local Migratory
162 Common stonechat Saxicola torquata Migratory Common stonechat Pictures
163 Common Swallow Hirundo rustica Resident Common Swallow Pictures
164 Common tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius Resident Common tailorbird Pictures
165 Common teal Anas creeca linnaeus Migratory Common teal Pictures
166 Common woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus Resident
167 Coppersmith barbet Megalaima haemacephala Resident Coppersmith barbet Pictures
168 Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus Local Migratory Cotton Teal Pictures
169 Crested Bunting Melophus lathami Local Migratory
170 Crested Lark Galerida cristata Resident
171 Crested Tree Swift Hemiprocne coronata Resident
172 Darter Anhinga melanogaster Local Migratory Darter Pictures
173 Dusky crag martin Hirundo concolor Resident
174 Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus Resident Egyptian vulture Pictures
175 Eurasian collored dove Streptopelia decaocto Resident
176 Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata Migratory
177 Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo Resident
178 Eurasian golden oriole Oriolus oriolus Resident Eurasian golden oriole Pictures
179 Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Migratory
180 Eurasian wryneck Jynx torquilla Migratory Eurasian wryneck Pictures
181 Franklins Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis Resident
182 Franklins Prinia Prinia hodgsonii Resident
183 Gadwall Anas strepera Migratory
184 Garganey Anas querquedula Migratory
185 Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus Migratory
186 Golden backed woodpecker Dinopium benghalense Resident Golden backed woodpecker Pictures
187 Great tit Parus major linnaeus Resident Great tit Pictures
188 Yellow throated sparrow Petronia xanthocollis Local Migratory
189 Yellow wagtail Motacilla flava linnaeus Migratory Yellow wagtail Pictures
190 Yellow Wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus Resident Yellow Wattled Lapwing Pictures
191 Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Migratory Chiffchaff Pictures
192 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Migratory

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